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Literal translation of Feng - Shui (pronounced as Fung shway) 
means ‘WIND and WATER' but this vast science is not really limited within this literal meaning, since for any type of plant growth or human growth wind and water play an important role. But wind and water are not the only elements that signify Feng — Shui or stand out as the lone attributes or peculiar features of this science.
Feng — Shui is the art of placing buildings and objects in relation to energy flows, to heighten positive energies and minimize the negative ones. It is based on the interaction of Yin and Yang, the female and male forces along with Chinese astrology and the five elements. The purpose of Feng — Shui is to enable you to organize your home so that the Chi energy, the all-pervading life force, is accentuated by the precise positioning of your house, furniture, decorations and other objects Feng — Shui is an ancient art and science developed over 3,000 years ago in China. It is a complex body of knowledge that reveals how to balance the energies of any given space to assure health and good fortune for people inhabiting it.
        Feng means wind and Shui means water. In Chinese culture wind and water are associated with good health, thus good Feng — Shui came to mean good fortune, while bad Feng - Shui means bad luck, or misfortune. Feng — Shui is based on the Taoist vision and understanding of nature. particularly on the idea that the land is alive and filled with Chi, or energy.
Ancient Chinese believed that there was order and balance in the universe and people can achieve good fortune if they perform certain actions. It was presumed that if we live in harmony with winds and waters of the Earth we could gain prosperity and good luck. The concept of living in harmony with environment is an established practice of the Chinese and Eastern countries though it is a novel concept for the West.
Archeological finds from China, dating as far back as6000 B.C., demonstrate how ancient this art really is. Images of a Green Dragon and White Tiger found in these graves, tell us that some type of practice similar to the “Form School" Feng — Shui was in use even then.
As one of the corner stone philosophies of Feng - Shui, the Eight Trigram system, incorporating yin-yang theories, was devised by Fu Shi around 4500 8.0. The legend tells us that Fu Shi had a vision of a turtle rising from the waters of the Yellow River with an intricate pattern on its shell; he later interpreted this as the eight trigrams. It is not known when Feng — Shui was introduced to the world though it is believed to have started about 5000 years ago.
As an organized body of knowledge Feng — Shui was practiced since Tang Dynasty, where we can find early recordings about employing Feng - Shui masters in selecting auspicious sites, as well as about Feng — Shui texts being required reading for imperial exams (court of Emperor Hi Tsang, 888 AD.)
One of the famous Feng - Shui names recorded in the history of Feng — Shui is Master Yang Yun Sang, who left a legacy of many classical Feng — Shui texts and is considered the founder of the landscape school of Feng — Shui. Throughout his writing, Master Yang emphasized the importance of selecting an auspicious site that has dragon's energy, or dragons breathe, thus the careful examination of the shape of land formations - mountains, hills, valleys, as well as water formations and specifics.
The vital energy, or Chi, contained in specific earth locations was described as finding the dragon and its lair, and natural formation where symbolic of animal shapes and energies, such as green dragon, white tiger, etc.
in Feng — Shui direction is always considered an important factor which enables one to conclude that this great science was also practiced in prehistoric days also. Hence it can be concluded that imperial palaces and Governmental buildings, built over 3000 years ago were built on the principles of Feng — Shui. Further the beautiful city of Canton was also built about this time where principles of this art were incorporated and given a practical shape. Canton is situated at the head of Chu Chiang (Pearl River) Delta and is covered by hills being 90 miles away from the sea. According to Feng - Shui water should be in frontal portion of the house and not behind. In accordance with this principle the Golden River flowed through the first courtyard.
The Chinese relied upon Feng — Shui to design and build cities, homes and bury their dead bodies‘ In large cities like Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan and many other cities Feng — Shui is part and parcel of Chinese life. it is no wonder that business persons consult Feng — Shui masters to choose locations for their offices and for building a house that could shower health and prosperity on the inmates. Those, who can afford to choose a burial site for burying the dead, also consult the Feng — Shui masters about a suitable ground, so that the locations could prove beneficial to their coming generations. Now Feng — Shui is not confined within a selected number of cities of the East even the Westerners have been fenced by its salient features. It is however, still a reality that Feng - Shui lovers and practitioners know that it has been originated from Taoism and there is an affinity between Taoism and Feng — Shui. Hong Kong is an excellent example of blend of traditional and modern Chinese cultures. The people of Hong Kong also represent a mixed culture where modern and tradition ridden people live their own life-they know the impatience of Feng — Shui in spite of glare of modernity.
Progress and development of Feng — Shui is a story of contribution from many legendary masters. During the next centuries deviational art emerged as branch of knowledge and its proponents were called by the name of Feng - Shui which means the exponent or the practitioner of the knowledge who practices deviational arts that is the esoteric techniques. in the broader sense Feng — Shui practitioners practiced the art of longevity healing magic and divination .But by the 6th century such practitioners exerted much influence in social political judicial systems and Feng — Shui got absorbed into Taoist philosophy and practice.

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