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The earliest known records of Feng — Shui originate from the South - West region of China during the Dynasty (2068.0-220AD). The mountainous topography inspired a philosophy for finding beneficial locations for dwellings and burial sites. The resultant Form- School of Feng — Shui as this came to be known was refined further in AD 888 by the teachings and practice of Yang Yun Sung, who was at the time, an advisor to the Emperor. The plains of southeast China on the other hand did not have a similar landscape. So another approach called the Compass School of Feng — Shui was developed during the Song Dynasty around 1000 AD.
The astrological aspects of Feng - Shui had core inputs from India and Tibet.
Feng — Shui has evolved over several centuries and several schools of thought emerged within the framework of the same fundamental principles. The prominent ones are:
The form school is the oldest documented form of Feng - Shui. It was originally concerned with the placement and orientation of tombs for the dead, and later its principals were transferred to 
the buildings used by the living. It examines and assesses the form of physical objects and shapes in the natural and built environment, along with transformational elements, chi flow and the manifestations of Yin and Yang.

This school concentrates mainly on the configuration of the landscape, water courses, and contours. The relationship between the individual dwellings with the surrounding physical formations is what is seen in this version. Four celestial animals symbolize the four directions of the compass. This school of Feng — Shui emphasizes on the concept of animal symbolism and looks deeply into identifying and negating poison arrows in alignments.
This school used the concept of eight Trigrams Pakua and the Lo-Shu magic Square for its evaluations. The approach here is to assess the Feng — Shui /index of spaces/ locations, the Chi flowbagua and the planetary influences on the buildings. This version involves detailed computations with an elaborate compass called the
Luo-Pan. Schools such as the Flying Star
(Xuan Kong), the Eight Mansions (Ba Zhi), and others are included in the category of compass school
black hat feng-shui
This is a relatively recent school of thought, predominantly practiced in the United States. it was developed by Dr. Thomas Lin Yun, and is a hybrid of Tibetan Buddhism, Taoism and intuitive Feng — Shui. There is a distinct spiritual learning in this version of Feng — Shui.
The Black Hat Sect School of Feng — Shui is the simplest one to black hatapply, for a learner. This school of Feng — Shui believes that every man made space has its own unique “Energy Blue print“called the “Ba-Gua" of the space. This is in the form of a bubble diagram with nine sector representing nine life stations or aspirations of human life. it does not require the use of a compass for directions, and is based on orienting the Ba-Gua with respect to the entrance of a space.
A modern western interpretation of Feng — Shui has gained popularity, particularly in America, since its introduction in the 1970-80s. This approach is based on the psychology of how to achieve goals through a targeted focus on the different aspects of life. Modern Feng — Shui has various names including ‘Three Gates‘or ‘Black Hat“. Instead of taking a compass reading, it aligns the Ba-Gua with the front door according to the inspirational influences of each trigram. The door, or either side of it, is taken as being the career section (bottom centre section of the Ba-Gua). Although different words are sometimes used to express the different concepts, the nine sections of the Ba-Gua are:
' (top row, left to right) Wealth, Prosperity, Self Worth Fame, Reputation, Social Life - Marriage, Relationships, Partnerships  
- (middle row left to right) Health, Family, Community Good Fortune, Well-being - Children, Creativity, Entertainment
' (bottom row left to right) Wisdom, Self-Knowledge, Rest - Career, Life Mission, Individuality Helpful People, Compassion, Travel

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